January 2019 – The National Institutes of Health awarded Christoph Vogel, PhD a $350,000 grant over five years to study air pollution and its effect on the development of atherosclerosis. The condition can lead to a build-up of fats, cholesterol and other substances that make up plaque, which hardens the arteries and restricts the flow of blood to vital organs like the heart or brain.
Ozone is a highly reactive form of oxygen. In the upper atmosphere, ozone forms a protective layer that shields us from the sun’s ultraviolet rays. At ground level, ozone is a harmful air pollutant and a primary constituent of urban smog.
Ozone is produced when air pollutants from automobile emissions and manufacturing operations interact with sunlight. Long-term exposure to high concentrations of ozone can cause a significant reduction in lung function, inflammation of the airways, and respiratory distress.